Strangulation is one of the most lethal forms of domestic violence. Minimal pressure on the neck can cause serious injury, death, delayed death and/or long-term consequences. Strangulation involves the application of pressure and/or blunt force trauma to the carotid and vertebral arteries and jugular veins. Unconsciousness can occur in seconds and death within minutes. Strangulation carries a risk of arterial damage, stroke, and delayed death. This multi-media presentation, given by one of the country’s leading law enforcement educators and expert in clinical forensic medicine, will cover the findings from the San Diego Study of 300 non-fatal strangulation cases, lethality and the medical aspects of strangulation in surviving and non-surviving victims. Dr. Smock will cover what every professional needs to know about non-fatal strangulation, including identifying the signs and symptoms, loss of consciousness and the long-term consequences of non-fatal strangulation. Studies of perpetrator behavior suggest that strangulation is most frequently associated with power and control dynamics, and is therefore seen in domestic violence, serial rape, and serial murder. Dr. Smock will also cover a case study of bi-lateral carotid dissection discovered six days post strangulation, why she survived and how to make your case for imaging.